The First World War Seen Through Others’ Eyes: Frank Livesey

"Most of us see the War of 1914-8 in terms of the arm-wrestling of European Powers across Flanders Fields. Not so elsewhere; for peoples of the Middle East it was 'The War of the Ottoman Succession'. The geopolitical rivalries of the Great Powers, increasingly focused on the region, were resolved in the proxy wars they fought there in 1914-18 as part of the Great Game. The local participants and victims were seen as unfortunate collateral damage. But for them it meant devastation, massacres, famine, ethnic cleansing and genocide, leaving as a legacy a cauldron of antagonisms. The post War Settlements created new colonies ('Mandates'), encouraged new settlers in Palestine, stimulated new forces (Turkish and Arab Nationalisms, Zionism, Socialism), which largely account for the volatility and turmoil that have characterised the area. Much of the subsequent history of the Middle East can be read as the unfinished business of the War of the Ottoman succession."

Tutor: Frank Livesey

"Frank Livesey worked in a College in Uganda for a while after reading History at Oxford, before returning to teach History at Bedford School. Subsequently he was Head of History at Downside School for 8 years. In Spain he was Deputy Head of an International College in Madrid AND Later appointed a Lecturer in Church History at a Theological College in Sydney. Whilst there he completed an MA in Asian Studies at New South Wales University. The last years of his career were spent in International Schools in Hong Kong."