3XJC10B18 "

Jacobism, Conservatism & Liberalism: Clive Emsley"

"British Liberalism and Conservatism have origins going at least as far back as the 17th century, but the French Revolution significantly helped to reshape them, and they became ‘ideologies’ – especially Liberalism. Conservatism, as a political idea, was pretty much unique to Britain. Liberalism was, in contrast, a constitutional idea that was moulded in different countries as a form to oppose authoritarian, but not necessarily conservative regimes. In the way that it was taken up in many different countries over its shorter life Jacobism was similar to Liberalism. The course will contextualise these ‘isms’ looking at their shaping during the revolutionary period and the ways in which they evolved over the 19th century. It will also address the ways in which, and the reasons why, they fed into and fed off other emerging ideologies such as nationalism and socialism."

Tutor: Clive Emsley

"Clive Emsley is Emeritus Professor of History at the OU. He was educated at the University of York and Peterhouse, Cambridge, joining the OU at its outset in 1970. He has held research and short teaching positions in Australia (Australian National University and Griffith University, Brisbane), Canada (University of Calgary), France (University of Paris VIII) and New Zealand (University of Canterbury, Christchurch). For ten years he was president of the International Association for the History of Crime and Criminal Justice, a body funded by the Maison des Sciences de l’Homme in Paris. His books include Policing and its Context, 1750-1870 (1983), The English Police: A Political and Social History (2nd edition 1996), Gendarmes and the State in Nineteenth-Century Europe (1999), The Great British Bobby (revised edition, 2010), Exporting British Policing During the Second World War (2017)."